Mack Technologies had been researching more efficient lighting to meet aggressive operational cost reduction goals, but concerns about the initial cost of replacing several thousand fluorescent bulbs made the manufacturer cautious about conversion.
Mack Technologies also wanted to be a leader in corporate social responsibility. To do that, the company needed to significantly reduce its energy consumption and enhance employee working conditions while minimizing the cost of investment.
Unmanned weather stations play an essential role in the effort to analyze and predict the world's ever-changing weather patterns. The unmanned stations collect and store large amounts of weather data and then download the data at regular intervals to a back-end host for analysis and long-term storage. The computing device housed in the weather station must be robust enough to work continuously for long periods of time while exposed to a wide range of temperatures. It should also be able to collect readings from various sensors that use different data transmission protocols, and have the capability to store large amounts of data.
The key business challenges are:
- Effective prevention of derailments
- Reduction of oil spills on railroad transportation of crude oils
- Alerts to first responders depending on material carried
- Public safety answering points (PSAPs) and State Emergency Response Commissions (SERCs) need to know the schedule, load, and location
- Flawless communication between PSAPs and first responders
Since electricity costs keep on rising, the bills for convenience stores keep on increasing and unfortunately it’s difficult for convenience stores to raise their prices to maintain the same profit margins. Variable overheads are difficult to budget for and give accountants a headache, therefore one convenience store chain in Thailand has decided to redress the balance and put themselves in chargeof power generation by installing solar panels in their stores.
Our customer wanted to reduce their energy costs by at least 10 percent and having installed solar panels in their store locations they needed to be able to send the power to where it was needed and when it was needed. Since the stores are open for 24 hours and it’s onlysunny forroughly 12 of those, it was essential that the power distribution to the lighting and refrigeration units was managed efficiently.
As energy and operational efficiencies became critical to business operations, the telecom giant could no longer rely on its existing system to draw opportunities for energy savings and operational efficiency. The old system was limited to time-clock control, and had no intelligence on occupancy or building behavior. It was time to change the defunct lighting contactor based control system in both facilities
Around the world, the electricity supply industry is turning to ‘smart’ meters to lower costs, reduce emissions and improve the management of customer supplies. Smart meters collect detailed consumption information and using this feedback consumers can better understand their energy usage which in turn enables them to modify their consumption to save money and help to cut carbon emissions. A smart meter can be defined in many ways, but generally includes an element of two-way communication between the household meter and the utility provider to efficiently collect detailed energy usage data. Some implementations include consumer feedback beyond the energy bill to include online web data, SMS text messages or an information display in consumers’ premises. Providing a cost-effective, reliable communications mechanism is one of the most challenging aspects of a smart meter implementation. In New Zealand, the utilities have embraced smart metering and designed cost effective ways for it to be implemented. The New Zealand government has encouraged such a move to smart metering by ensuring the energy legislation is consistent with the delivery of benefits to the consumer while allowing innovation in this area. On the ground, AMS is a leader in the deployment of smart metering and associated services. Several of New Zealand’s energy retailers were looking for smart metering services for their residential and small business customers which will eventually account for over 500,000 meters when the multi-year national deployment program is concluded. To respond to these requirements, AMS needed to put together a solution that included data communications between each meter and the central data collection point and the solution proposed by Vodafone satisfied that requirement.
The client had previously deployed a one-meter-per-store monitoring program. Given the manner in which energy consumption changes with external temperature, hour of the day, day of week and month of year, a single meter solution lacked the ability to detect the difference between a true problem and a changing store environment. Most importantly, a single meter solution could never identify root cause of energy consumption changes. This approach never reduced the number of truck-rolls or man-hours required to find and resolve issues.
Enexis is an independent grid operator and one of the largest energy distributors in the Netherlands. Working with energy suppliers, it manages 2 million gas and 2.6 million electricity connections to customers in seven provinces, representing approximately one third of the Dutch market. In 2008, a European Union (EU) directive stipulated that 80% of energy customers must be able to monitor energy consumption by 2020. The Dutch government responded by making a legal requirement for energy operators to install smart metering technology in homes. To meet these targets, Enexis will need to deploy approximately 5 million smart meters, each transmitting energy consumption data once a day, every day. Since 2011, Enexis no longer installs conventional meters, every new meter installed in the grid is a smart meter. This means that during the first few years of rollout, smart meters are installed across the grid. To achieve this, Enexis had several options. Routing data via Power Line Connections (PLC) was impractical because, to work effectively, entire districts would have to install smart meters simultaneously. With the initial rollout limited to replacing faulty meters and new installations, this was not viable. Transmitting data via WiFi, another option, would mean home owners needing a guaranteed connection. “Because we install smart meters that are scattered across our distribution network, the most effective solution was GPRS over M2M SIMs,” says Lonneke Driessen-Mutters, Smart Metering Operations Manager at Enexis. M2M SIMs installed in smart meters would be able to transmit data via Vodafone’s comprehensive mobile coverage in the Netherlands, with no homeowner involvement and minimum installation effort. Enexis invited a number of mobile communications suppliers in the Netherlands to tender. After careful consideration, Vodafone was selected based on cost and service commitments. In addition, Enexis already had a relationship with Vodafone, as they provide approximately 3,000 of the company’s voice and data connections, so they knew the service they could expect. “We’re owned by local government, so our money is public money. The solution had to be cost effective as we have to be careful what we spend,” says Driessen-Mutters.
Mack Technologies believed that the key to achieving energy an operational efficiency was to leverage transformative technologies. Knowing that LED lighting, along with Daintree intelligent lighting controls represent a significant innovation in energy efficiency, Mack Technologies sought to retrofit its 108,000-square-foot manufacturing facility in Westford, Massachusetts. To make this goal a reality, the firm brought in Bluestone Energy Services to develop and execute the comprehensive LED lighting and intelligent control project. Realizing the value of ControlScope, Mack raised the bar in LED conversion by integrating controls to dramatically improve efficiency and flexibility.
Protocol Conversion and Front-end Data Processing
The data collected by a typical unmanned weather station includes temperature, rainfall and snow accumulation, air pressure, humidity, and ultraviolet intensity. One of the tasks that the UC-7420 unit must handle is protocol conversion, since there is no guarantee that the devices collecting the weather data all use the same protocol. In addition, the UC-7420 can be used to do preliminary data processing before downloading data to the central computer. MOXA's UC-7420 is ideally suited for these tasks, since the user can easily embed a C program that is custom written for the devices used at the station. If future changes involve adding or removing devices, the programmer simply needs to modify the C code, recompile it, and then download the executable program over the network to the UC-7420 unit.
Connecting to the Network and the Internet
In addition to being programmable, the UC-7420 also offers users an array of connection options. To begin with, data entering the serial ports from attached sensors can be processed and then forwarded through one or both of the dual Ethernet ports to the LAN. One of the serial ports can also be connected to a V.90 or GPRS modem for PPP connections, and a PCMCIA port is available for installing a wireless LAN card for 802.11b/g networks. By including multiple connection options in the UC-7420's design, user's gain the flexibility needed to connect from virtually anywhere. Combinations of connection types can also be used to provide redundancy. For example, if unavoidable network problems cause an interruption in service, the user can connect by modem.
CompactFlash Storage Space
One of the dilemmas faced when creating a "small" computer is how to provide users with adequate storage space. For unmanned applications, it is best if the storage device does not contain moving parts. Although hard drives may seem to last forever for day-to-day use, we cannot make this assumption for continuous use at remote locations. The UC-7420 overcomes this problem by providing a CompactFlash slot. If needed, flash memory cards with storage capacity of up to several gigabytes can be used to store data until it is convenient to transfer the data to a central computer.
Synapt’s team developed the end-to-end Connected Railroad solution that sends alerts along with preventive measures to first responders, departments in charge. It makes use of several sensors, including accelerometers, gyroscope, seal lid openers, and motion sensors.
To manage the distribution of power, the customer implemented a building automation system using BASPro software installed on a DDC controller. By using a touch panel computer, with WebAccess installed on a 10.4” touch panel computer, the power can be controlled as necessary.
BASPro is a programming software package suitable for building automation application, perfectly integrating with BAS-3500 Series DDC Controller (Direct Digital Controller). BASPro features rich function blocks like mathematical calculation, dataconversion, logic operation, alarm, eventand timer, and control algorithm (PID, Ramp, ON/OFF switch control). Moreover, BASPro also provides many BA domain function blocks, such as scheduler, HVAC calculation and sequential control, which are commonly used in building applications. Developers can benefit from savingdevelopment timeby the function blocks. Engineers can developapplications on their computer. After the application program is complete, it canbe downloaded to the BAS-3500 series through Ethernet. Then BAS-3500 series becomes a standalone controller since it can execute the program by itself. Besides, BASPro delivers simulation function that you can observe the program execution situation before the program is downloaded to the BAS-3500 series.
WebAccess is a browser based SCADA software that is used to graphically control and monitor the data from the BAS-3024 and ADAM-4055 remote IO modules attached to the cooling units and the lighting. It is installed on a TPC-1071H touch panel computer. The TPC -1071H is a 10.4” SVGA TFT LED LCDIntel Atom Dual-core D525 that includes WindowsXP embedded and WebAccess.
The EKI-2525/2528 supports a Fast Ethernet solution. The power is a 12 ~ 48 VDC redundant input design, and is secured with a double protection mechanism: Power Polarity Reverse Protect and an Overload Current Resetable Fuse. The former tolerates reverse power wiring while the later secures the system from overload currents. Asthe power supply turns normal, EKI-2525/2528 will automatically get back to work. Each port of EKI-2525/2528 has 2 LED’s to show the link status transmission speed and collision status. It also provides a relay output for an eventalarm.In theevent of a power failure,the built-in LED willactivate the alarm to notify administrators. Engineers can simply verify the hardware status by checking the LED, and have troubleshooting easy and quick. EKI-2525/2528 comes with compact metal housing that rates IP30 to help against from dusty industrial environments.
BAS-3520 is a standalone programmable controller specially designed for building automation (BA) applications. Designed as a typical DDC(Direct Digital Controller), BAS-3520 delivers various of onboard I/O including universal input, analog output, digital input and digital output, providing flexible options to satisfy versatileapplication requirements. It also features powerful BASPro programming tool for engineers to quickly develop their application. BASPro delivers many function blocks suitable for BA application, such as scheduler, HVAC calculation, sequential control, PID control, alarm, and event. Its compact size makes it an ideal solution tofulfill BA installation environment. Connected to the controller are BAS-3024 Remote IO module and ADAM-4055 modules.
The BAS-3024 expansion I/O modules can be stackedonthe DDC controller, or can serve as remotestandalone I/O modules through an RS-485 network. These expansion I/O modules add both scalability and flexibility to Advantech BAS-3000 solutions. Like the DDC, I/O expansion modules can be programmed using the BASPro programming tool.The ADAM-4055 offers 8-ch. isolated digital inputs and 8-ch. isolated digital outputs for critical applications. The inputs accept 10~50 Vvoltage, and the outputs supply 5~40 VDC opencollector. Consideredto be user-friendly. The ADAM-4055 is also builtwith LED indicator for easy status reading.
Empowered by ControlScope’s open standards-based wireless mesh network, the lighting fixtures, occupancy sensors, and wireless switches have the ability to communicate wirelessly with each other and the ControlScope system. The ControlScope network provides the platform for JLL to centrally configure and manage lighting zones throughout the buildings, and specify lighting profiles to meet each floor tenants’ lighting needs and to maximize energy and operational savings. The different lighting zones are correlated to the occupancy sensors for occupancy sensing control is the most effective strategy.
From a standard Web browser, JLL can log into the ControlScope Manager console to:
• Dynamically tailor lighting profiles for each lighting zone
• Monitor and report energy usage in real time
• Discover opportunities to deepen energy and operational savings
AMS decided to use a communication solution based around Vodafone’s existing GPRS mobile network having considered the use of power line communications, WiMAX mobile broadband or a purpose-built RF mesh network. “There were two principal reasons why the GPRS network from Vodafone stood out for us,” said Atkins. “The infrastructure was already in place with ubiquitous coverage and a high reliability, the limitations of the other options would not have enabled us to roll out Nationwide”. Past experience of working together was also a factor, as Atkins explained: “We had used Vodafone’s GSM network technology for several years without any problems, and Vodafone had always been open to making changes we needed.” In the AMS solution, a SIM card supplied by Vodafone is installed into the modem part of the smart meter. Regular readings are taken by the meter, and sent back automatically to AMS data management system over the Vodafone GPRS network.
The client deployed OutSmart’s wire-level monitoring and analytics program to gain comprehensive visibility into their stores’ energy consumption patterns
With the OutSmart system they pinpointed the exact:
-Location of the problem.
-Time the problem occurred.
-Cost of the problem condition.
A Vodafone SIM is integrated into the smart meter and transmits energy consumption data to and from Enexis’s data centres. An SMS ‘activates’ the smart meter each day, measuring energy consumption data from the home. The smart meter then transmits the data via GPRS and then switches off. This reduces power consumption and keeps transmission costs to a minimum. The SIM installation is supported by Vodafone’s ordering and activation system, using web-based tools to ensure high volumes of SIMs are delivered and managed. Real-time information on every device, including data usage, is integrated into the Enexis back-end systems. Vodafone’s M2M platform manages the SIM throughout its lifecycle including solution design and optimisation, logistics, installation, customer care and customised billing. The initial rollout covered 3,000 smart meters, but has since been extended to approximately 100,000 locations, with plans for a further 150,000 installations in the near future. This will be the natural replacements of conventional meters, added to requests from individual customers who can receive a priority installation of a smart electricity and gas meter for €60. “However, if we only install smart meters as a natural replacement and at the request of a customer, this rate of growth will not be enough to meet the EU targets,” says Driessen-Mutters. “We therefore at some point will expand the rollout by going door to door installing smart meters.”
Mack Technologies, a leading provider of complex electronic manufacturing services, makes electronic circuit boards for the defense, telecom, and industrial sections in its facility in Westford, Massachusett
The customer is a major US emergency service provider controlling the 9-1-1 service to US as well as global citizens for more than 30 years. The end customers include US wire-line, wireless, VoIP carriers, municipalities, and over 3000 public agencies.
Convenience store chain in Thailand
Jones Lang LaSalle (JLL), large, publicly traded telecom company
Vector in partnership with Advanced Metering Services (AMS) are providers of smart metering solutions in New Zealand. AMS chose Vodafone to provide a reliable, cost-effective mobile communications network to transmit the metering data. Vodafone worked closely with AMS to provide a bespoke technical solution and to develop new price plans that ensured the smart metering solution met the requirements of New Zealand’s energy retailers, consumers and distribution companies.
A leading regional supermarket chain with more than 800 stores located across the Northeastern US. This customer has progressive targets in place which include both energy efficiency and renewable energy initiatives. This customer is a strong believer in the use of data and analytics to identify opportunities for improvement in their supermarkets portfolio.
Enexis is one of the largest energy network operators in the Netherlands, managing around 4.5 million customer connections. As part of a European Union directive that 80% of homes must be able to monitor electricity consumption by 2020, it needed to roll out a secure smart metering solution. Vodafone provides the M2M infrastructure to support the rollout, and offers consultancy on best practice and strategic planning, particularly from its experience in the global energy sector.
|Solution Maturity||Mature (technology has been on the market for > 5 years)||Emerging (technology has been on the market for > 2 years)||Mature (technology has been on the market for > 5 years)||Emerging (technology has been on the market for > 2 years)||Mature (technology has been on the market for > 5 years)||Mature (technology has been on the market for > 5 years)||Mature (technology has been on the market for > 5 years)|
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|Use Cases||Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI)||Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI)|
CSR - Use less energy and reduce impact on the environment
Multiple connection options for greater networking versatility. Maintenance personnel can monitor from a remote location
Regular notifications with shipment information to rail carriers, departments in charge, and county officials
Real Time Monitoring of machines
Increased Efficiency in the consistent flow of the process
Cost Reduction - Less energy wasted results in lower costs
Detailed smart meter data allows energy suppliers to use tiered pricing to encourage off-peak energy usage.
Cost Savings - The aggregate annual savings potential represented by this data was over 300% of the client’s target for the OutSmart program, and the program demonstrated a payback of around one year.
Compared to manually collecting meter readings, smart meters are a far more accurate and efficient way for energy suppliers to collect data.
Cost Reduction - Less energy waste translates into lower costs
Programmability gives system integrators infinite possibilities. No fan, no hard drive design for longer MTBF. CompactFlash slot for adding gigabytes of storage space
Effective prevention of derailment
Decreased Downtime due to early detection of possible machine failure
Predictive Maintenance with alert systems
Convenience - Lights are easily kept at optimal levels
AMS’s smart metering solution provides a cost-effective mechanism for environmentally minded consumers to recover a fee for power they feed back into the network.
Issue Detection - OutSmart identified the true source of the problem. This allowed maintenance staff to be deployed in a very targeted, efficient and cost effective manner to make necessary changes
By not having to chase consumers or dispatch staff to read meters, costs are also reduced.
Increased Convenience - Keeping the lighting at optimal level becomes easier and simpler
Full-fledged dashboard with infrastructure, weather, and shipment information with GIS data
Data Aggregation for studying patterns and calculating the OEE.
CSR - Using less energy reduces the impact on the environment
Proactive Analysis - The OutSmart analysis was also used to identify possible customer experience, food safety and regulatory issues. During the first month a total of 50 of these issues were reported to the customer
Energy suppliers are also able to monitor usage patterns more effectively, thereby anticipating spikes and planning supply. Previously, suppliers operated at a maximum demand which encouraged oversupply, the data from smart meters now enables more accurate forecasting.
IoT Snapshot: Hardware
|Processors & Boards|
|Sensors & Actuators|
|Devices & Equipment|
IoT Snapshot: Software
|Software as a Service|
|Platform as a Service|
|Infrastructure as a Service|
IoT Snapshot: Service
|Construction & Buildings|
|Equipment & Machinery|
|Logistics & Warehousing|