Following the Fukushima incident in Japan, EDF-Energy NGL undertook a rigorous assessment into the resilience of its fleet of UK nuclear power stations against the highly unlikely occurrence of an extreme weather or other natural event. Through this process, they identified a requirement for the provision of mobile emergency response systems which will be deployed on the occurrence of such an event.
Fuel delivery has always had some built-in inefficiency. Like most fuel and lubricant distributors, Retif Oil & Fuel followed a keep full model when restocking fuel tanks and was spending too much money topping off customer fuel tanks and making emergency deliveries. Without an accurate view of customer fuel stocks it was impossible to determine who needed fuel or how much they actually needed.
The 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics highlighted an issue facing much of China: infrastructure construction is not keeping up with population demand. China is one of the fastest growing vehicle markets in the world with an estimated 20,000 new vehicles hitting the road each day. The problems at the Olympics were exasperated by an increase in tourist traffic and a need to quickly and easily install an intelligent transportation system powerful enough to handle Beijing’s tough traffic problems.
The systems created for the Olympic Games needed to be highly accurate and reliable. Detection devices also had to accurately detect traffic over eight to 10 lanes. Inductive loops take too long to install and were unreliable and unable to adapt to changing traffic patterns.
Custodia Systems is a security consultancy based in the UK. It was founded in 2005 by Peter Thompson, a former Goldman Sachs technology and engineering lead, with start up capital of £4,000 (approximately €4,800). It is now the global distributor of Appello tracking devices and its products currently protect £150 million (€180 million) of construction machinery in the UK.
The Appello device is a small, portable unit (no bigger than a smartphone) with a battery life of up to two years. It has no external wiring and cannot be located by scanning devices used by professional thieves like GPS (Global Positioning System) units.
The device is hidden, for example among the engineering of a piece of plant machinery and sends out a regular signal to mark its present location. Worldwide, Custodia Systems claims 80% of stolen equipment is recovered and back with its owners within eight hours.
To ensure consumer confidence and provide a competitive advantage, Custodia Systems needed a fail-safe communications infrastructure that needed to be international, reliable and as accurate as possible. In addition, to support the launch of the AppelloGEO – a new product that can be used globally – Custodia Systems needed a global platform and fixed price international tariffs.
WellAware was exploring the market for a reliable solution for collecting data from its customers’ remote well locations. According to WellAware CEO, Matt Harrison, the company’s customers have a tremendous need to tap into the intelligence provided by the digital oilfield. In selecting a provider for its network, WellAware compared the features of an array of communication technologies. Cellular provided adequate coverage, but at the rate of $25-$50 per month per device, the cost was extremely high. Satellite was even more expensive, in excess of $100 per month per device. As a typical oilfield consists of more than 1,000 wells, implementation of these technologies would quickly become cost-prohibitive. Additionally, cellular and satellite technologies were only able to deliver between 85-95 percent data availability and were not able to transmit data at sub-minute frequencies. This was not sufficient to meet the reliability expectations of WellAware’s customers.
Of the 70 million corporate washrooms, 20 percent are equipped with environmentally unfriendly, inefficient, and unhygienic hand-dryers and around 80 percent offer expensive paper towels that create three million tons of waste. As such, reducing building management costs, boosting facility efficiencies, and cutting energy use is very lucrative. SAVORTEX has built the world's first IoT-enabled messaging hand-dryer to disrupt this inefficient sector and transform corporate washrooms into smart spaces. Built on Intel® technology, the SAVORTEX AdDryer* uses the Internet of Things (IoT) to deliver waste savings, alert cleaners to washroom needs based on usage, and engage consumers with tailored, high-definition video messages, allowing enterprises to transform costly commercial washrooms into connected, hygienic, and sustainable revenue-producing assets.
Ingrained issues: High costs, inefficient maintenance, and energy consumption in washrooms make them difficult to manage. SAVORTEX wanted to solve multiple problems at once.
Excessive waste: The prevalent drying choice of expensive paper towels significantly impacts the environment in both manufacture and disposal.
Status quo: Conventional brushed-motor hand-dryers are energy-hungry and have a short life-expectancy so are costly to run, but finding budget to deploy new solutions on the necessary scale can be difficult.
Dynamically reconfigure a network without changing the hardware itself; Achieve Cloud scale with diverse and parallel workflows; Achieve connectivity via multiple access points; Maintain a high level security to be used by mission-critical systems.
Enexis is an independent grid operator and one of the largest energy distributors in the Netherlands. Working with energy suppliers, it manages 2 million gas and 2.6 million electricity connections to customers in seven provinces, representing approximately one third of the Dutch market. In 2008, a European Union (EU) directive stipulated that 80% of energy customers must be able to monitor energy consumption by 2020. The Dutch government responded by making a legal requirement for energy operators to install smart metering technology in homes. To meet these targets, Enexis will need to deploy approximately 5 million smart meters, each transmitting energy consumption data once a day, every day. Since 2011, Enexis no longer installs conventional meters, every new meter installed in the grid is a smart meter. This means that during the first few years of rollout, smart meters are installed across the grid. To achieve this, Enexis had several options. Routing data via Power Line Connections (PLC) was impractical because, to work effectively, entire districts would have to install smart meters simultaneously. With the initial rollout limited to replacing faulty meters and new installations, this was not viable. Transmitting data via WiFi, another option, would mean home owners needing a guaranteed connection. “Because we install smart meters that are scattered across our distribution network, the most effective solution was GPRS over M2M SIMs,” says Lonneke Driessen-Mutters, Smart Metering Operations Manager at Enexis. M2M SIMs installed in smart meters would be able to transmit data via Vodafone’s comprehensive mobile coverage in the Netherlands, with no homeowner involvement and minimum installation effort. Enexis invited a number of mobile communications suppliers in the Netherlands to tender. After careful consideration, Vodafone was selected based on cost and service commitments. In addition, Enexis already had a relationship with Vodafone, as they provide approximately 3,000 of the company’s voice and data connections, so they knew the service they could expect. “We’re owned by local government, so our money is public money. The solution had to be cost effective as we have to be careful what we spend,” says Driessen-Mutters.
New Sun Road is a registered California Benefit Corporation committed to implementing solutions to climate change and global energy poverty. This group of talented engineers is partnering with Ugandan green energy startup GRS Commodities to deliver reliable and clean power to the Ssese Islands in Lake Victoria, Uganda. The goal of the pilot system is to provide affordable and reliable solar powered electricity to businesses on Kitobo Island.
Although no small feat, deploying the solar power grids is likely the simplest part of the solution. Solar was the obvious choice for the power source because it is economical and relatively simple to deploy.
The primary difficulty lies in managing the energy grid and ensuring proper maintenance without having to be on-site at every location. The capability to remotely monitor the grid will enable New Sun Road to expand their service across the Ssese Islands in a more efficient manner since each grid can be monitored from one central location. But, in remote areas, where communication options are limited, how do you remotely monitor and manage a smart solar power grid?
Without a local ISP, this can be a complex challenge, so the team decided to enable remote connectivity over the global cellular network.
In addition to communication challenges, another major difficulty New Sun Road had to overcome was finding a device capable of withstanding the high temperatures within their network hubs. The device would be residing within a NEMA enclosure in direct sunlight, so the capability to function under extremely high temperatures was a must.
A £5 million contract was awarded to Thales UK who sub-contracted Servelec Controls to provide the control/monitoring sub-set of equipment and software to fulfil the DCIS requirement. Adroit Smart SCADA was chosen as the key software component along with PLC equipment from Omniflex and gamma radiation monitors from Canberra UK. A total of 5 sets of containerised Deployable Communications & Information Systems were supplied, enabling emergency response decision makers to make the right decisions, at the right time.
Each deployed system consists of a pair of Adroit Smart SCADA servers engineered in a dual-redundant, hot-standby configuration, with up to 17 thin-client Operator workstations connecting in to the servers. To facilitate enhanced resilience at the communications level the server machines exist on separate network domains – a configuration within which, unlike other SCADA products, Adroit Smart SCADA servers are able to provide a dual-redundant, hot-standby solution.
By allowing operators to access, monitor, communicate, analyse, and act upon critical data, the system provides a situational awareness solution that further enhances the UK’s outstanding reputation for the safety of nuclear power plants. In so doing, it enables EDF-Energy NGL to deliver the regulatory requirement for deploying resilient communications as part of wider ranging capabilities to recover from an extreme natural event.
The deployable component of DCIS is particularly relevant because - although a total of 5 DCIS systems were supplied - in order to provide low through-life support needs, they must all be identical and yet must be capable of being deployed at short notice to any one of 8 different nuclear sites.
After deploying the iTank solution, which runs on a secure, scalable, and robust IoT Platform, Retif personnel and customers can now view tank levels and alerts in the iTank Management Portal.
“The application is color-coded, so they simply look at the customers approaching the 25% full mark. This makes deliveries easy because they can pull up all of the deliveries in a designated area and just service those customers that meet a certain threshold in a geographic region, saving time, money and increasing efficiencies.”
The deployment expanded across more tanks in Retif’s seven state coverage region. To date, Retif has deployed thousands of tank monitors, many of which were installed by Retif personnel.
SmartSensor HD was selected for the project because it proved to be more accurate than video detection, and much easier to install than loops or other non-intrusive devices. Min Der Day, director of Asia ITS for Wavetronix, said HD’s ease of installation came in handy because, with the high amount of work needed to prepare for the games, the ITS system had to be deployed in the overnight hours. The end result saw more than 200 HD units installed at strategic locations around the city with self-sustaining solar power and wireless communications. The sensors provided real-time traffic information for some of the most important roadways in Beijing, including the newly-constructed Airport Expressway; the Badaling Expressway that leads to the Great Wall; the Beijing-to-Chengde Expressway; and internal Ring Roads Two and Five – major routes between Olympic venues. Data was used to update variable message signs for real-time traffic information as well as for television, radio and Internet traffic information.
Peter Thompson was already familiar with Vodafone’s business services from his time at Goldman Sachs. He was confident Vodafone’s Location Based Services would provide the most effective asset recovery solution, with a pre-installed SIM sending out a signal, indicating an estimated location. A recovery team could then track the device on the ground using a radio beacon.
To be most effective, the devices would need to transmit over long distances. Vodafone operates on the 900MHz frequency in the UK. This frequency penetrates buildings and materials more effectively than the 1800MHz frequency used by other communications service providers. It means the signal can travel significantly further (up to 20 miles, as opposed to two miles on 1800MHz) and the device can be located even in the most inaccessible places. Stolen assets have been found in concrete bunkers, steel shipping containers and underground car parks.
The Vodafone network supports accurate positioning by using the direction and distance of the tracking device from the nearby cellular masts, meaning Custodia Systems would be able to narrow the search area by two-thirds.
“Vodafone also stores a cache of the last location,” says Thompson. “Every network registers the current location, but Vodafone is the only network in the UK to archive the last known locations.”
The AppelloGEO device is dormant for most of the time, saving energy and making it hard for thieves to detect a signal, however it switches on to send regular alerts. “Being able to detect the location based on the last signal is an even more important feature than the Timing Advance. It means we can prove when the device was last switched on and that it was working before the asset was stolen,” says Thompson.
Ultimately, WellAware looked to Ingenu to provide a network solution that would provide wide and deep coverage and superior reliability and security at a price that would be affordable for its users.
In evaluating Ingenu’s RPMA (Random Phase Multiple Access) technology, WellAware determined that Ingenu’s innovative network was ideally suited for its digital oilfield requirements. Purpose built from the ground up, RPMA delivered the best coverage, providing over 99.9 percent data availability and supporting tens of thousands of devices per access point. Additionally, even at low signal strength, the network was able to reliably and accurately deliver oilfield data where other networks had failed. All of this translated to an extremely wide coverage area per access point. And, because the network was able to connect with less infrastructure, capital and operating costs were significantly lower.
Strong performance per watt: SAVORTEX chose Intel® Atom™ processors to power its hand-dryers because they are powerful yet very energy efficient.
Rugged and reliable: This version of the Intel Atom processor is a ruggedized compute platform in a sealed environment that can withstand extreme temperatures (-40 to 110 degrees) for excellent longevity.
IoT Connectivity: SAVORTEX deployed Intel® Dual Band Wireless-N 7260 network adapters within its solutions, including Intel® Smart Connect Technology, to be able to confidently connect to the cloud.
*This is an IIC testbed currently in progress.*
EMC Corporation, Cork Institute of Technology
WHAT IS INFINITE
INFINITE (INternational Future INdustrial Internet Testbed) is an Industrial Internet innovation platform built specifically for the development of Industrial Internet products and solutions.
The scale and scope of the project means INFINITE can be used across a wide and diverse range of industries and sectors.
Completely virtual domains that are able to be connected via mobile networks; A solution that allows multiple virtual domains to securely run via one physical network.
The goal of the International Future Industrial Internet Testbed (INFINITE) is to develop software-defined infrastructures to drive the growth of Industrial Internet products and services. INFINITE uses Big Data to not only create completely virtual domains with Software-Defined Networking, but it also makes it possible for multiple virtual domains to securely run via one physical network - thus making it ideal for use in mission critical systems. Even more interesting, INFINITE makes it possible to connect to these virtual domains through mobile networks.
Industrial Internet Consortium member, EMC Corporation, is leading the INFINITE testbed. Also contributing their expertise to this project is Industrial Internet Consortium member Cork Institute of Technology as well as Vodafone, the Irish Government Networks, Asavie and Cork Internet Exchange.
The testbed will unfold in two phases in Ireland. In Phase One, three geographically dispersed data centers will be interconnected into a reconfigured EMC network. In Phase Two, INFINITE will be applied to a use case called "Bluelight". Bluelight will allow ambulances to securely connect to a hospital's system and relay information while in route, so hospital staff are prepared to take over the care of the patient once the ambulance arrives.
The INFINITE testbed is open to any Industrial Internet Consortium member as well as interested nonmembers companies who have a concept for an IoT-enabled solution that requires mobile communication and a dynamic configuration environment.
A Vodafone SIM is integrated into the smart meter and transmits energy consumption data to and from Enexis’s data centres. An SMS ‘activates’ the smart meter each day, measuring energy consumption data from the home. The smart meter then transmits the data via GPRS and then switches off. This reduces power consumption and keeps transmission costs to a minimum. The SIM installation is supported by Vodafone’s ordering and activation system, using web-based tools to ensure high volumes of SIMs are delivered and managed. Real-time information on every device, including data usage, is integrated into the Enexis back-end systems. Vodafone’s M2M platform manages the SIM throughout its lifecycle including solution design and optimisation, logistics, installation, customer care and customised billing. The initial rollout covered 3,000 smart meters, but has since been extended to approximately 100,000 locations, with plans for a further 150,000 installations in the near future. This will be the natural replacements of conventional meters, added to requests from individual customers who can receive a priority installation of a smart electricity and gas meter for €60. “However, if we only install smart meters as a natural replacement and at the request of a customer, this rate of growth will not be enough to meet the EU targets,” says Driessen-Mutters. “We therefore at some point will expand the rollout by going door to door installing smart meters.”
New Sun Road chose the Digi TransPort WR11 XT to enable a connection to the available 3G HSPA+ network, which would allow for remote monitoring of the grid. The WR11 XT provides a reliable connection to the global 3G network while withstanding high operating temperatures of the network utility hub.
The New Sun Road team needed to ensure that they could effectively manage the grids remotely, should power go down or any other issue that could interrupt service to their customers. Using Digi Remote Manager, their operations team can easily push out new device configurations, firmware updates, and remotely diagnose and fix any issues in the network. The cloud management platform also makes it possible to monitor device temperature and alert the team if a device is starting to reach a user-defined temperature threshold as well as any other changes in device-state that they choose to actively monitor.
A unique piece to the New Sun Road solution is the custom software application developed by the company to provide real-time analytics and remote control for both the solar generation system and the end users’ electricity usage. The analytics engine allows the team to anticipate problems before they happen, ensure correct maintenance, understand user needs, and continuously optimize the system.
Retif Oil & Fuel
The City of Beijing Traffic Management Bureau
Custodia Systems is a UK security consultancy and the global distributor of a market-leading tracking device. It needed a fail-safe communications infrastructure to support its products and services. To ensure consumer confidence and provide a competitive advantage, the solution needed to be reliable, secure and provide accurate positioning information. In addition, to aid international expansion it had to work globally. Vodafone delivers the Machine-to-Machine (M2M) technology to support the business and is providing the strategic vision to help the company’s international expansion.
WellAware is a data company that helps exploration and production, midstream and chemical service companies reduce operating expenses, minimize downtime and ensure safety and regulatory compliance with reliable data collection, exceptionbased monitoring and actionable analytics. The company’s product solutions, WellAware Production Management platform, WellAware Midstream Management platform, WellAware Chemical Optimization for Operators platform, and WellAware Chemical Management for Service Providers platform, support customers in the three major sectors of the oil and gas industry.
Enexis is one of the largest energy network operators in the Netherlands, managing around 4.5 million customer connections. As part of a European Union directive that 80% of homes must be able to monitor electricity consumption by 2020, it needed to roll out a secure smart metering solution. Vodafone provides the M2M infrastructure to support the rollout, and offers consultancy on best practice and strategic planning, particularly from its experience in the global energy sector.
New Sun Road is a registered California Benefit Corporation committed to implementing solutions to climate change and global energy poverty. They bring expertise in finance, engineering, economics, and conservation to partnerships with local operations in rural developing economies to design, build, and operate clean, renewable power systems.
|Solution Maturity||Mature (technology has been on the market for > 5 years)||Mature (technology has been on the market for > 5 years)||Mature (technology has been on the market for > 5 years)||Mature (technology has been on the market for > 5 years)||Emerging (technology has been on the market for > 2 years)||Mature (technology has been on the market for > 5 years)||Emerging (technology has been on the market for > 2 years)||Mature (technology has been on the market for > 5 years)||Emerging (technology has been on the market for > 2 years)|
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|Use Cases||Machine Condition Monitoring||Structural Health Monitoring (SHM)||Smart City Operations||Track and Trace for Industrial Tools & Assets||Process Control & Optimization (PCO)||Process Control & Optimization (PCO)||Process Control & Optimization (PCO)||Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI)||Microgrid|
Given that each of these 8 sites have differing plant equipment layout and configurations, the requirement to provide a single solution that could successfully be deployed at anyone of the sites with no more than a few clicks on an initial configuration screen was vital. Adroit’s advanced configuration capabilities, principally tag aliasing and HMI templating, along with proper product training and support successfully satisfied the project requirement.
With device and network authentication, encryption and other measures, RPMA insured that WellAware’s oilfield data would be transmitted securely.
True Sustainability: SAVORTEX offers a powerful, energy-efficient hand-dryer that delivers quick-dry 11 seconds and runs on just 550 watts - significantly lower than competitor products in the marketplace.
Ideal for mission-critcal systems, Industrial Internet applications in an environment that resembles real-world conditions
Compared to manually collecting meter readings, smart meters are a far more accurate and efficient way for energy suppliers to collect data.
First ever provision of 24/7 metered electricity service, powered entirely by solar, on Kitobo Island.
Operational Efficiency: The solution offers a connected washroom management system that can reduce clients' operational costs by facilitating effective and responsive washroom cleaning.
By not having to chase consumers or dispatch staff to read meters, costs are also reduced.
New Revenue: Thanks to hardware from Intel, the AdDryer engages users with one-to-one, high definition video messages so enterprises can use real data to push content and drive additional revenue streams.
Energy suppliers are also able to monitor usage patterns more effectively, thereby anticipating spikes and planning supply. Previously, suppliers operated at a maximum demand which encouraged oversupply, the data from smart meters now enables more accurate forecasting.
Retif has reduced the number of unnecessary deliveries by 48%, resulting in a net total in return-on-investment of over $10,000 per month in delivery expenses alone.
HD is able to accurately detect traffic on up to 22 lanes of traffic, is easy to install and is highly reliable over time.
Nine out of ten stolen items tracked by Custodia Systems are recovered.
WellAware oilfield network has been in operation for two years and is pre-built over several key shale plays and covers over 55,000 square miles of oilfields including the Eagle Ford, Permian, Granite Wash and Bakken. The network supports over 5,000 radios per access point and is managed and maintained for oil and gas operators by WellAware.
Thirty four businesses and residential customers are now receiving power and making regular electricity payments, saving on average 50 percent of their energy costs by switching to the solar microgrid compared to diesel generators.
|Tech Partners||Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC)|
IoT Snapshot: Hardware
|Processors & Boards|
|Sensors & Actuators|
|Devices & Equipment|
IoT Snapshot: Software
|Software as a Service|
|Platform as a Service|
|Infrastructure as a Service|
IoT Snapshot: Service
|Construction & Buildings|
|Equipment & Machinery|
|Logistics & Warehousing|