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The Internet of Things is changing the world
Published on 10/25/2016 | Market Sizing
Today at World of Watson Harriet Green, General Manager, Watson Internet of Things, Commerce, and Education, introduced the theory that the Internet of Things will change the way we all live and work.
It’s a big statement – but not an over-statement, and she used her WoW keynote speech to explain why.
Sensing the change
Over the last few years the Internet of Things has come to the forefront, with sensors and actuators becoming more common. Elevators, cars, trains, planes, floors, pipelines – they can all be connected – sharing crucial information on their condition or use.
There’s already over 29 billion things connected, and recording, and processing data. Which is why the IoT is well on its way to generating $11 trillion in economic activity by 2025.
From the factory, to the family room
It’s not just industry that will benefit – IoT is already changing the way all of us interact with the physical world. The IoT will dramatically enhance interactions with the things we rely on in our daily lives, so we expect that within ten years, the Internet of Things will be present in nearly every aspect of our lives and work.
But this assumes our ability to harness not just IoT data, but all kinds of data, which is where artificial intelligence comes in.
Watson’s ability to transform vast amounts of complex, ambiguous information into insights helps professionals in any industry, in any role, to work smarter. And it is this same capability that allows Watson to make the Internet of Things into a powerful engine of understanding, due to two specific technologies.
Machine learning is a critically important field of computer science. It is the lynchpin of any artificial intelligence. And it allows computers to learn without needing humans to program them. In relation to the Internet of Things, this means that Watson can manage the variability of IoT data.
It is this feature that enables Watson to learn when a product – or a part – might fail. This is called predictive maintenance, and it’s going to save billions of dollars in every industry from heavy manufacturing to healthcare to public transportation.
How the IoT will bring about change
‘Design Thinking’ has put users at the center of all engineering efforts. And it has been furthered by the constant updating of the software we use every day. Together, these trends have set new expectations for our interactions with the physical world.
We now expect the ‘things’ in our lives to continuously improve. To learn from us. To anticipate our needs. And the Internet of Things plays a crucial role in making this possible.
Connected devices provide a constant feedback loop to designers and developers, which allows them to build better products, informed by the people who use them. And with cognitive capabilities built in, the things in our lives will come to understand how we use them, and adjust themselves to meet our very specific needs.
The manufacturing industry has been one of the earliest adopters of IoT systems. But really industry 4.0 is just getting started. The benefits we’ve seen – like the dramatic increases in operational efficiency – are just a prelude.
What if you could train a cognitive system to “see” defects in your production line? Or better yet, what if a cognitive system could understand the root cause of those defects? And make suggestions on how to improve quality? And how to maximize yield? And what if even the smallest parts of an engine or a motor could sense pressure, torque or temperature?
IBM’s work with the Schaeffler Group is a clear example of how cognitive manufacturing is transforming manufacturing and industry right now.
When we think about the Internet of Things, it’s important that we think about it in the same way we think about the Internet itself. Like the Internet, the IoT is a platform; a platform that sends and receives massive amounts of data; from people to devices; from devices to people; and from device to device. That constant exchange of data; that foundation of information; enables powerful new services to be built. Services that connect us to the physical world around us; Services that make the world work better. And services that enable entirely new revenue streams. In a recent poll we conducted, 69 percent of respondents expect that IoT will enable new business models and sources of revenue.